How to create nested objects using accepts_nested_attributes_for

 

Questions


I’ve upgraded to Rails 2.3.3 (from 2.1.x) and I’m trying to figure out the accepts_nested_attributes_for method. I can use the method to update existing nested objects, but I can’t use it to create new nested objects. Given the contrived example:

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :notes
  accepts_nested_attributes_for :notes
end

class Note < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :product
  validates_presence_of :product_id, :body
end

If I try to create a new Product, with a nested Note, as follows:

params = {:name => 'Test', :notes_attributes => {'0' => {'body' => 'Body'}}}
p = Product.new(params)
p.save!

It fails validations with the message:

ActiveRecord::RecordInvalid: Validation failed: Notes product can't be blank

I understand why this is happening — it’s because of the validates_presence_of :product_id on the Note class, and because at the time of saving the new record, the Product object doesn’t have an id. However, I don’t want to remove this validation; I think it would be incorrect to remove it.

I could also solve the problem by manually creating the Product first, and then adding the Note, but that defeats the simplicity of accepts_nested_attributes_for.

Is there a standard Rails way of creating nested objects on new records?

 

 

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Answer

This is a common, circular dependency issue. There is an existing LightHouse ticket which is worth checking out.

I expect this to be much improved in Rails 3, but in the meantime you’ll have to do a workaround. One solution is to set up a virtual attribute which you set when nesting to make the validation conditional.

class Note < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :product
  validates_presence_of :product_id, :unless => :nested
  attr_accessor :nested
end

And then you would set this attribute as a hidden field in your form.

<%= note_form.hidden_field :nested %>

That should be enough to have the nested attribute set when creating a note through the nested form. Untested.

ruby-on-rails

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